What Is Rehabilitation?

Rehabilitation is a field of medicine; it is a set of interventions needed to restore someone to healthy and normal life, help recover from illness and surgery.

The rehabilitation first and foremost seeks to restore lost skills and functioning for a daily living quickly and efficiently. An individual rehabilitation program assists a person in adjusting to their new life as smoothly and painlessly as possible. The rehabilitation plan focuses both on the medical aspect of a person’s issues, i.e. their illness, and the non-medical too—their personality, profession, and social connections. Strategies to comfortable rehabilitation include retaining a familiar environment to support the patient. Then they will spend less amount in rehabilitation as it will be as effective as possible.

Main Areas of Rehabilitation

Medical rehabilitation is primarily aimed at restoring health. This is achieved through alternate pathways to help recover lost or damaged function; in other cases, specialists focus on compensatory skills involving adapting around the remaining skills to continue with the new life.

Rehabilitation includes an equally important psychological aspect; it also involves work with a therapist as it helps stabilize their psychological state and shape the right attitude towards treatment and recovery measures, communicating their importance. Upon seeing a therapist, people tend to comply with the doctor’s recommendations and all activities related to rehabilitation more willingly. The specialist is also responsible for creating a comfortable environment that is best fit to help the patient adapt to illness-related restrictions.

Professional rehabilitation factors in the patient’s future employment and retraining due to the loss of certain skills. It is about seeing the patient’s working ability and the chances of its recovery.

Social service agencies should therefore work closely with doctors. After all, after a person experiences a serious illness or surgery, they seek to feel economically independent again, like a fully-fledged member of society.

We can therefore say that rehabilitation is a comprehensive concept that affects all areas of a person’s life. All types of rehabilitation are important; a successful recovery requires a holistic approach, so they should all be considered together.

When Does a Person Need Rehabilitation?

The beginning of rehabilitation means the end of the active treatment phase and the start of the body’s recovery. Anyone who has experienced illness, injury, surgery, cancer, and many other illnesses requires comprehensive rehabilitation. Older people also benefit from rehabilitation treatment, as the body functions less well with age.

The illness is a deciding factor when it comes to rehabilitation components:

  1. Special exercises for developing speaking skills, overcoming communication difficulties to create new social connections. Those who have suffered a craniocerebral injury will find this most useful.
  2. Change of residence (e.g. for elderly people living on upper floors who find it difficult to go downstairs).
  3. Promoting a healthy lifestyle and diet awareness, which minimizes the risk of potential illnesses and diseases.
  4. Making prosthetics for patients who have undergone amputation, joint replacement surgery, etc. It is important not only to fit a prosthesis but also to educate the patient on its use.
  5. Fixing splints and applying dressings to accelerate tissue healing, reduce the severity of edema and prevent infectious complications as the wounds tighten.
  6. Drug therapy. For example, for children with certain neurological conditions (cerebral palsy, trauma, etc.).
  7. Psychological help. Especially for those with depression.
  8. Vision rehabilitation.

Each patient gets their own individual rehabilitation plan, as the approach and interventions depend on the goals and objectives, the patient’s condition, and their progress. Rehabilitation can take place in the hospital, clinics, special centers, or at home.

Rehabilitation Methods

Each patient goes through their unique set of procedures, which may include:

  • botulinum therapy;
  • halotherapy;
  • phytotherapy;
  • hydrotherapy;
  • inhalation with medicines;
  • kinesiotherapy;
  • cognitive behavioral therapy;
  • cryotherapy;
  • sessions with a speech therapist;
  • magnetotherapy;
  • occupational therapy;
  • massage and manual therapy;
  • thermotherapy;
  • ultrasound;
  • extracorporeal shockwave therapy.

Abroad, doctors are not afraid to involve the patient’s relatives in the rehabilitation process and train them in care and other necessary procedures. Specialists only use tried and tested safe methods.


When it comes to recovery, specialists tend to opt for conservative methods, as surgery is again followed by rehabilitation. For example, surgeries are used to treat post-radiation fistulas caused by radiation therapy for cancer. Before a surgical rehabilitation doctors weigh up all pros and cons, that is, benefits and risks, to avoid further harm to the patient’s health.

Hospitals — 4

Rehabilitation — лечение в Loewenstein Hospital for rehabilitation

Raanana, Israel

Quick response time

High demand among patients

  • 1958 – foundation year
  • 12 000 patients per annum
  • 300 beds
  • 47 specialists

The Israeli Rehabilitation Center “Loewenstein”, located in Raanana near Tel Aviv, began its work in 1958. Initially, this clinic’s main goal was restoring and returning to the everyday life of soldiers with severe injuries, including those after limb amputations. After a certain time, civilians began to come here for rehabilitation.

Rehabilitation — лечение в Sheba Medical Center

Ramat-Gan, Israel

Average response speed

Average level of demand

  • 150 departments
  • 1990 beds
  • 1000+ medical specialists
  • 1M+ patients yearly

Having gone from an ordinary military hospital to an internationally recognized medical center, the Sheba Clinic has a huge clinical, rehabilitation, and research base, annually occupying the highest high positions in the ratings of Israeli hospitals. It has the status of a university center and about 150 departments. Sheba actively cooperates with other medical institutions in Israel, the USA, Germany, Japan, and other countries.

Treatment price

Please inquire

Cost of an estimate

Free of charge

Rehabilitation — лечение в Private Hospital Laßnitzhöhe (Privatklinik Laßnitzhöhe)

Graz, Austria

Quick response time

In high demand among patients

  • Founded in 1992
  • 224 beds

The private clinic Privatklinik Lassnitzhöhe is located in the city of Lassnitzhöhe, specializing in the rehabilitation of patients after the treatment of neurological and orthopedic diseases. The territory of the clinic occupies 11,000 m2, there is a swimming pool, specialized rehabilitation equipment, spacious therapy rooms.

Treatment price

Please inquire

Cost of an estimate

Free of charge

Rehabilitation — лечение в Vienna General Hospital—Allgemeines Krankenhaus der Stadt Wien

Vienna, Austria

Average speed of response

Average level of demand

  • Founded in 1693
  • 2,137 beds
  • 1,464 specialists
  • 26 multidisciplinary clinics
  • 42 clinical institutes

A modern advanced university hospital with over three hundred years of history and thousands of employees. AKH is the oldest university hospital in Europe. With the capacity of 30 clinics and partner institutions, the Central Clinical Hospital of Vienna is rightfully considered one of the largest and most popular medical institutions among patients (including foreigners) in the country. AKH is called “a city within a city” because its vast territory has everything necessary for living, diagnosing, treating, and rehabilitating patients, as well as accommodating their accompanying persons.

Treatment price

Please inquire

Receive an estimate

Free of charge

Treatment inquiry

To patients