What Is Gynecology?
Gynecology is a branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the female reproductive system. In outpatient clinics, gynecologists work not only to diagnose and treat existing illnesses but also to prevent women’s diseases. Therefore, every woman should visit a gynecologist at least once a year even if she has no complaints.
The Most Common Diseases
Diseases of the female reproductive organs are considered quite common. Most of them declare themselves through similar symptoms: menstrual disorders, abnormal discharge (bloody, mucoid, purulent, etc.), and pain. Other symptoms that require gynecologist’s advice:
- itching and burning inside or outside the vagina;
- pain and discomfort during sex;
- vaginal dryness;
- loss of libido;
- hirsutism, etc.
Some diseases can have no evident clinical presentation or no symptoms at all, which makes them difficult to diagnose and treat at the proper time. This is one of the reasons to visit a gynecologist every year: if a woman has no complaints, it does not mean she is healthy.
Israel, Germany, Austria, and Turkey offer all possible opportunities for effective treatment of endometriosis, fibroids, cancer, and infertility. Specialists make use of their own research findings and introduce advanced technologies to achieve the best results in a short time. They always keep exchanging experiences with their colleagues and possess perfect knowledge of their specialty.
The most common diseases diagnosed in women are:
- inflammation (infections are divided into specific and non-specific); moreover, lingering inflammation can cause infertility;
- benign and malignant neoplasms;
- abnormal uterine bleeding;
- uterine fibroids;
Unfortunately, nowadays, cancer occurs in young people more and more often. Even a young woman can develop breast or cervical cancer. But with modern medicine, cancer is not an end: the most important thing is to diagnose the disease early. In order not to overlook cancer onset, one should have regular preventive consultations with a gynecologist and treatment of the diseases detected. This applies especially to women with a family history of cancer (those whose close family members had cancer of the female genital organs).
Risk factors for female reproductive problems are the following:
- some medications;
- chronic stress;
- hormonal imbalance;
- difficult pregnancy and birth.
Gynecological Conditions Treatment Methods
Doctors resort to surgery only when non-surgical methods are ineffective. Some problems (for example, dysplasia or malignant neoplasms) should immediately be solved through surgery. In such situations, definitive treatment gives the best results and enables doctors to effectively eliminate the nidus and prevent the further dissemination of abnormal cells.
A woman is admitted to a hospital for routine or emergency treatment. In the case of medical tourism, we usually talk about the routine one since there is a preliminary agreement with the clinic management. Emergency care means medical assistance is to be rendered within several hours, sometimes within one day. Individual approach, comfortable accommodation, friendly staff—all these help achieve maximum treatment results.
Most surgeries are now performed using a scope to reach organs through small incisions. This technique has such benefits as quick recovery and a low risk of complications. Endoscopic surgery, in contrast to open surgery, leaves almost invisible scars no more than a centimeter long.
Progressive specialists prefer organ-preserving operations if they are possible in a specific clinical situation. Up-to-date equipment of operating rooms and laser technologies enable doctors to perform accurate and quick surgery with minimal involvement of healthy tissues.
The following remedies are used to treat women’s diseases:
- Drugs are used to relieve inflammation, pain, and other signs of the disease. Appropriate drug therapy significantly reduces the risk of complications. The patient can be prescribed suppositories, tablets, pills, gels, etc. Doctors always pay special attention to contraindications and prefer prescribing topical remedies since they cause fewer side effects.
- Gynecology has some time-tested treatment methods that are no less effective than modern ones and enable patients to avoid surgery. Cryoablation is used to treat warts and small cervical cysts. Radiofrequency and laser treatment are popular techniques for a cure for cervix disorders.
After the treatment course, patients should have rehabilitation, which is crucially important after surgery. An early start of rehabilitation makes it possible to come back to normal quickly and reduce the likelihood of late complications.
After operations, anti-inflammatory and dissolving therapy and physiotherapy are recommended. Hormone therapy drugs are prescribed according to indications. The woman is constantly observed by specialists, has an adequate diet, and gets vitamins and minerals. The patient receives professional care from a psychotherapist after complex and long-term treatment or if she wishes to.